All you need to know about vaping
Our handy introduction to vaping answers all the popular questions
More and more people are swapping their regular cigarettes for e-cigarettes (electronic cigarettes) because it's proven to be a healthier alternative. If you are looking to make the switch, this handy guide for new user's should answer your key questions.
What is an e-cigarette?
An e-cigarette is an electronic tobacco smoking substitute that creates a vapour mist to replicate the experience of smoking a cigarette. There are many types available for those first starting out, on a budget, or looking to splash out.
What are the benefits of e-cigarettes versus regular cigarettes?
Regular cigarette smoke contains over 4,000 chemicals, including 43 carcinogenic compounds and 400 other toxins. These include nicotine, tar, carbon monoxide, as well as formaldehyde, ammonia, hydrogen cyanide, arsenic and DDT.
E-cigarettes are non-combustible and, therefore, contain no ash, smoke, tar, or carcinogens. They also do not smell like regular cigarettes (hurrah!) and are widely considered to pose no cause for concern to others.
What is an atomiser?
There are many types of atomiser available in the vaping world today. They sit on top of an e-cigarette battery and use heat to vaporise e-liquid. They can be self-contained and disposable, use replaceable coils, or be rebuildable for experienced vapers who want full control over their vaping experience.
What is a coil?
These are the heart of your vaping device. Generally, with a manufactured coil (previously known as wicks), you'll see a small wire wrapped around cotton. The cotton is soaked in e-liquid and, when the wire is heated by the battery, it turns the e-liquid into vapour.
The resistance of a coil is defined in ohms, which tells you how much current the coil will allow to pass through it. The lower the resistance, the more heat will be generated meaning that you will produce more vapour and experience a more intense flavour from your vape juice. The downside is that you will go through more e-liquid and your battery life will be reduced.
What is sub ohm vaping?
You may have heard this expression within the vaping community. If you have seen a fellow vaper producing massive clouds, the chances are they are sub ohming. Go back just a couple of years and sub ohm vaping was reserved for those who built their own coils and modified their batteries. Nowadays, sub ohm tanks, pre-built coils and capable batteries are commonly available off the shelf.
There are two key ways to increase the amount of vapour you get out of your coil. The first is to increase the power of your battery in order to increase the heat; but there are limitations on the amount of power you can put through the coil before it stops creating more vapour and just gets really really hot. This will burn your coil which does not taste good!
A sub ohm coil has a resistance of less than 1 ohm; it combines a thicker wire with a higher airflow so you can use more power before you start creating excessive heat. The thicker wire increases the surface area which is in contact with the cotton (wick) which means more e-liquid is vapourised, and bigger clouds are produced.
When should I replace my coil?
Coils will need replacing periodically; the length of time between changes depends on a number of factors. The amount of device use, power settings, chosen e-liquid, and other variables, all affect the lifespan of the coil. Generally you would want to replace your coil as and when you encounter a burnt or poor taste from your atomiser.
How do I prime my coil to avoid premature burnout
It's really important to make sure your coil is primed properly before you first fire the device. To achieve this, you can follow the following simple instructions:
- Drip some e-liquid into the holes in the top and the side of the coil, allowing the cotton inside soak it up between drips. Be generous; if there is any excess once the cotton is fully saturated you can simply flick the coil to let it come out.
- Refit the coil and fill your tank with vape juice
- Allow to sit for a few minutes to soak
- Take a few 'Primer Puffs' by pulling on the atomiser as if you were vaping but WITHOUT firing the device
- If your device has adjustable power, turn it to a low setting and fire it there
- Work the power higher at intervals until you are back to your preferred power level
- You should now have successfully primed your coil!